The following is an explanation of what is OCD disease and its characteristics and symptoms common to sufferers.
Back again in the series of psychology and health, this time Asaljeplak will discuss the definition, symptoms, causes, and alternative therapy and treatment for those with OCD aka Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
What is OCD?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which a person continually has unwanted thoughts, ideas, or sensations that make them feel compelled to do something repeatedly (compulsively).
What are the symptoms that indicate a person is suffering from OCD?
A person with OCD is likely to have an obsession, a compulsion aka impulse, or both. These symptoms will be able to significantly interfere with daily activities as well as the social interactions of those who have them.
What is meant by Obsession here is the recurrent thought, intentions, or imaginary shadows that cause anxiety, such as:
- Fear of excessive germs
- Prohibited or taboo ideas that usually involve sexual activity, as well as religion
- Aggressive thoughts toward others or self
- Organize objects to be symmetrical or in perfect order
While what is meant by Compulsions herein is the actions or behaviors performed by OCD sufferers in response to obsessive thoughts he feels, such as:
- Cleaning things over and over or over
- Setting the layout of objects in a way or method itself
- Repeatedly checking things, such as checking whether the house has been locked or not, the stove has been turned off or not, and so on
What usually distinguishes OCD patients from someone who is careful, for example, or with someone who does not have the disorder include:
- OCD sufferers can not control their thoughts and behavior, even though they know that their thoughts or actions are excessive
- Spend at least 1 hour a day to dwell on his thoughts or actions
- There is no long-term satisfaction derived from thinking or doing his actions, and only satisfied for a moment alone because there is little effect of "relief".
- Experiencing significant problems in his daily life due to the obsessive-compulsive thoughts and actions they feel
Seeing these symptoms, surely makes us ask,
Why can someone suffer from OCD?
Experts to date have not yet come to an agreement on the cause of a person suffering from OCD, but suspected to have something to do with neurobiology aka neuroscience.
Brain scans show that OCD sufferers have different ways of working the brain compared to those who do not suffer, where there is an indication of an imbalance or abnormality in activity of neurotransmitters that function to channel signals between neurons aka nerves
Some theories that cause other OCDs include:
- The genetic theory, which assumes that OCD is a hereditary disease
- The Behavioral Theory, which assumes that OCD occurs when a patient associates an object or situation with fear
- Cognitive theory, which assumes that OCD occurs when the patient responds to disturbing thoughts (which are also common to everyone) with excessive action
- Neurological Theory, as has been described, namely the presence of abnormalities in neurotransmitters
- Environmental Theory, which assumes that OCD occurs due to the stress level generated by the environment
- The theory of Autoimmune, which assumes that OCD occurs due to virus or infection
How to treat someone who suffers from OCD?
Some recommended therapeutic alternatives for OCD patients include:
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT / Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
- SSRI therapy (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
- SRI Therapy (serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
- The combination of various therapies
Well so some things about OCD for you to know. If any of your relatives or family members you think are suffering from this, you should be careful about addressing or taking action, and try to consult an expert first before taking any further action.
Hopefully the information contained in this video is useful yes, if there is something you want to correct or add, please pass it on comment field