Humans and horses are inseparable. The animal has accompanied the course of human history even today. But, since when did man ride a horse? And what does horse mean to human culture?
Prior to the automotive era, horses were the animals most used as a means of human transportation, whether to visit a location, deliver goods or passengers, and even be used as a mount during battles.
Experts have not agreed on exactly when humans began to use horses as a means of transportation, but paintings of humans and horses have been around for tens of thousands of years BC.
The painting is found in the Perch-Merle cave, France, which is thought to have existed since the paleolithic era and was made by early humans who occupied the area at that time, but it is unclear whether early humans were using horses as a means of transport or not.
Related to the use of the horse, the oldest evidence found is in the painting that is in the Dourshe Cave, Iran, where the painting looks human being riding a horse. This painting is thought to date from around the year 8000 BC
Later on excavations between the Dnipro river (Dnieper) and the Don river in Russia, found horse bones found in the tooth part of a bit used (aka bridle in the horse's head area), and estimated to date from 3000 BC.
The mythological mythology of the horse can also be found in ancient civilizations, especially in ancient Greek culture with some examples you have most likely heard of like Phaethon, Sterope, and also Pegasus.
Among the mythological horses, which are very popular and even still popular today are the Unicorns. This legendary horse of mythology is found in one of Indus's cultural heritage, then in Ancient Greek culture where the Unicorn is categorized into the category of Natural History / Biology by researchers of ancient Greece at the time and not found in the story of the gods
This is certainly the greatest mystery today because as we know, there is no horse species today that has the characteristics of the Unicorn (ie the horse with one horn in the forehead), unless they mean the rhinoceros, where the closest is the last extinct species of rhinoceros is the Elasmotherium sibiricum aka "Siberian rhinoceros".
In medieval european mythology and folklore, the Unicorn is a symbol of purity and majesty, which can only be captured by virgin girls. It is thought that this legend has led to the nearly extinction of Narwahl species whose horns are often cut and sold as "unicorn horns".
In addition to being ridden, in the past horses were also used to pull carts or trains called also chariot, a kind of delman so deh. This is evidenced by the discovery of horse bones that still attach to the chariot in Russia, and is estimated to date from 2100-1700 BC
According to experts, horses are expected to be domesticated in the Eurasian plains, and the culture that is estimated to use them is the Botai tribe in the province of Akmola, Kazakhstan, which occupies the area around 3500 BC
Furthermore, it also exists from antiquity in addition to riding a horse for transportation needs and also pulling a cart or train is a Horse Racing.
From ancient times, humans always seemed to have a tendency to compare the means of transport of who is speedy. Formerly and still going on today, which is often compared or pitted is a horse.
According to experts' estimates, horse races have been around for 4500 years BC, and the first to do so is one of the tribes in one of the nomadic tribes in central Asia. Archaeological records indicate horse racing also occurred in the Babylonian kingdom period, ancient Greece, ancient Syria, and ancient Egypt.
In Nordic mythology, horse races are also included in it, one example is a horse race between Odin and giant Hrungnir.
Although usually a horse race is a race between the ridden quidars, it is not so with the horse races that took place in the days of the ancient Greek, Roman, and Byzantine kingdoms.
In these famous kingdoms are chariot races where horse riders will stand in the chariot and they will race around the Hippodrome (stadium of ancient times) as many as a number of determined spins.
One of the greatest stadiums dedicated to the Chariot race is the Circus Maximus built in the days of the Roman empire and today the remains of the ruins are still visible in Rome, Italy.
The horse race tradition continued into medieval times, and was popular amongst the aristocrats and the English nobility to be called the "Sport of Kings" aka the sport of kings.
But there is one more usefulness of the horse that is not less important for the continuity of a culture, a kingdom, or a state, that is its use as a WARM TOOL.
Horses as war mounts are also estimated to have been carried out from very long time, around 4000 to 3000 before Christ.
Sumerian paintings that date back to 2500 BC indicate the use of horses with chariot, and in 1600 BC, the chariot design was increasingly perfected for war needs in ancient middle eastern culture.
Later on in ancient Chinese culture, chances are you who follow the Romance of Three Kingdoms story must have heard of the Red Hare aka Red Hare, once ridden by Lu Bu and also Guan Yu and considered the most powerful war horse.
Well there is a brief history of horses and their role in human history. Hopefully this brief information is useful to add to your horizons yes.