In this article, Asaljeplak will discuss about the characteristics or signs of a person exposed to kidney stone disease.

Back again in the series of psychology and health, this time Asaljeplak will discuss the definition, symptoms, causes, and alternative therapy and treatment for those with Kidney Stone Disease.


What Is A Kidney Disease?

"Kidney Stone Disease" or in medical terms commonly called Nephrolithiasis is a type of disease caused by the process of crystallization of minerals so that it becomes hard as a rock, which occurs in the kidneys or in a person's urinary tract.

The disease has a chance of attacking 1 in 20 people throughout his life.

Quoted from website, "According to data collected by the Indonesian Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) in 2013, it is estimated that the prevalence of patients diagnosed with kidney stones for age above 15 years is 0.6 percent of the total population of Indonesia. The five provinces that occupy the highest position of kidney stone problems include DI Yogyakarta, Aceh, West Java, Central Java, and Central Sulawesi. "

What are the symptoms that show a person suffering from Kidney stones?

People with KIDNEY STONE DISEASE do not always feel the symptoms, especially if the size of kidney stones is not too significant that makes it able to come out naturally through the urinary tract (Ureter).

Whereas if the size of kidney stones is significant, alias has a larger diameter than the ureteral tract, the sufferer will feel the symptoms when the kidney stone begins to flow through the channel.

Some of the symptoms that exist in a sufferer KIDNEY STONE DISEASE are as follows:

  • Pain in the hips or side or backside of the waist
  • Pain in the lower abdomen around the urinary area
  • The pain occurred in a row that grew increasingly painful
  • Feeling pain or pain during urination
  • Urine is pink, red, or brownish
  • Urine will be more murky and cause unpleasant odor
  • Experiencing nausea and vomiting
  • Often arises desire to urinate
  • Frequency of urination more than usual
  • In case of infection of the urinary tract, the patient will also experience a fever accompanied by chills.
  • Urine levels that are discarded, though often, will come out less

The pain felt by the sufferer of KIDNEY STONE DISEASE will be able to move the location, or the intensity of the pain is felt higher

Seeing these symptoms, certainly makes us ask,

Why Someone Can Suffer Kidney Stain Disease?

There are several possibilities that can cause a person to develop kidney stone disease, and sometimes because of various alias factors not just one cause.

These causative factors may result in the formation of different types of kidney stones.

Kinds of kidney stones

Calcium Stone

Kidney stones formed from this calcium are the most commonly found in patients. This calcium stone usually appears in a form called Calcium Oxalate.

The so-called "Oxalate" itself is a substance that is naturally formed from food, and is also produced daily by the liver. Some fruits and foods also contain high levels of Oxalate, such as beans and chocolate.

High levels of vitamin D consumed, never gastric surgery, and some metabolic aberrations can lead to high levels of calcium or oxalate concentrate in the kidneys

Struvite Stone

Struvite type kidney stones usually appear due to an infection of the urinary tract. Kidney stones of this type can grow rapidly and can sometimes appear suddenly without any specific symptoms.

Stone Uric Acid

Kidney stones of this type are generally formed in people who rarely drink water, or in those who lose a lot of fluids such as dehydration, those who eat too many high protein foods, and also in those who have joint disease such as arthritis. Several genetic factors are also thought to increase the risk of new Uric Acid types.

Stone Cystine

This type of Cystine stone usually appears in those with a hereditary disease, where the disease may result in a person's kidneys producing too many Cystinuria-type amino acids.

Risk Factor

Some other factors that may increase a person's risk of developing kidney stones are:

  • Derivative factors and history of the disease, where if in the family someone has ever experienced kidney stones then most likely other family members can also suffer, and if someone has suffered kidney stones then there is a possibility the disease will reappear
  • Dehydration aka lack of fluid that enters the body due to lack of drinking or excessive sweating.
  • Obesity alais has a high Body Mass Index (Body Mass Index) is also estimated to increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Diseases and Surgery on the stomach and digestion, eg inflammation of the intestine, gastric surgery, chronic diarrhea, will be able to cause changes in the digestive process thus affecting the absorption rate of calcium and water in the body, resulting in more easily formed rocks
  • Other medical conditions such as renal disease tubular acidosis, cystinuria, hyperparathyroidism, and certain types of medications will increase the risk of kidney stones

How to treat someone suffering from Kidney stones Disease?

For patients with symptoms of Kidney Stone Disease, it is advisable to immediately visit the Doctor for consultation and diagnosis.

Several common types of diagnoses for detecting kidney stones include:

  • Blood Test, to see how high the level of calcium and Uric Acid in the blood.
  • Urine test, to see what substances are wasted in the urine
  • Scan using X-Ray, Ultrasound, Urography, or CT

Some ways that can quite alleviate and treat KIDNEY KIDDER DISEASE are as follows:

If kidney stones are not too large, patients will usually be advised to:

  • Drinking plenty of water (2-3 liters per day)
  • Drinking painkillers
  • Regular Medication as well as Therapies by Doctors

If the size of a kidney stone is large, then the patient will usually be treated with:

  • Sound wave therapy to destroy rock
  • Kidney surgery
  • Using Ureteroscope
  • Operation of Parathyroid glands

Some things you can do to prevent kidney stone disease include the following:

  • Drinking water at least 2.5 liters per day
  • Eat foods that contain not too much Oxalate, where some foods containing high Oxalate such as spinach, yam, tea, chocolate, black pepper, and soy type foods
  • Reduce food containing salt and animal protein
  • Reduce calcium supplements, such as calcium-containing milk or calcium-enhancing drugs, but do not reduce calcium-containing foods unless advised otherwise by doctors.

For the type of medicines given will depend on the type of kidney stones suffered, for example for people with calcium kidney stones will be given durable thiazide or phospate containing drugs. Then for patients with kidney stones uric acid type will be given drugs that can keep alkaline levels in the body.

For Struvite type kidney stones, will generally be given antibiotic medicines, and for patients with kidney stones Cystine type, which is more difficult to treat, will be given drugs that can reduce the content of Cystine in the urine.

Well there are some things about KIDNEY KNEE DISEASES for you to know. If any of your relatives or family members you think are suffering from this, you should advise them to immediately consult a doctor in order to be quickly diagnosed and prevented.